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Stepwise voltage ramping causes less renal haematomas than fixed maximal voltage ESWL

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) remains the recommended first line treatment for stones <2cm in the renal pelvis and upper or mid-pole calyces (Türk C, Knoll T, Petrik A, et al. European Association of Urology Guidelines on Urolithiasis. 2014). There...

All you need to know about percutaneous nephrolithotomy: supine versus prone and mini versus traditional

Introduction Since the first percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), the technique has undergone many innovations, including modifications in positioning, miniaturisation of instruments and combination with retrograde intra-renal surgery (see Table 1 for an outline of the history of the technique). Controversy has...

Demanding cases or nightmares in endourology? Sep/Oct 2015

One of the most interesting aspects of attending international meetings is the rare but invaluable, honest presentation of complex cases. We aim to present the readers with some complex and challenging ongoing cases in endourology. Case 1 A general practitioner...

Sir Henry Morris and the first nephrolithotomy

In this series of articles I am going to show you some of the exhibits contained in the Museum of Urology, hosted on the BAUS website (www.baus.org.uk). In the last history article we were treated to the story behind the...

Demanding cases or nightmares in endourology? May/June 2017

In the sixth article in this series the authors describe endourology nightmares involving ileal conduits and calculi. Case 1 A 69-year-old man who had a cystectomy and ileal conduit for muscle invasive bladder cancer, presented with an acute kidney injury...

Impact of case volume on outcomes of ureteroscopy for ureteral stones

With the ever-increasing focus on patient safety, centralisation of services for major procedures is becoming more common. Using data from the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) Ureteroscopy Global Study database, a prospective observational multicentre study created to...

Radiation exposure – what is the optimal imaging modality in the follow-up of patients with urinary tract calculi?

Cumulative radiation dose is an important consideration in the nephrolithiasis patient population. Exposure to ionising radiation is known to be harmful and is associated with an increased risk of malignancy. Understanding radiation doses is necessary to make informed decisions regarding...

Uncovering the fate of small residual fragments

The concept of ‘stone free’ remains an enigma. To some urologists this refers to complete removal of all visible fragments, to others its removal of all ‘clinically significant’ fragments (generally regarded as fragments >2mm), and to some it is absence...

Upper pole access is safe and effective for paediatric percutaneous nephrolithotomy

Upper pole access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) provides a straight access tract to the ureter with easier placement of a guidewire, good exposure of the pelvis and upper ureter, and comfortable manipulations for the treatment of staghorn, large upper caliceal,...

A guide to percutaneous nephrolithotomy

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is now the gold standard approach to treating large renal stones. Since its development in the 1970s, it has undergone a series of refinements that could only have been possible with the symbiosis of both radiological and...

Risk stratified approach to early intervention for renal colic

Existing guidance on this topic is based on older and smaller studies, and there remains variation in practice. This review of database outcomes of 1168 out of 3081 (38%) patients who underwent early intervention after presentation to nine Canadian emergency...

Smith’s Textbook of Endourology (3rd Edition)

Without doubt this represents the endourological bible for the urological fraternity and unquestionably reflects a labour of love for its authors. At approximately 1900 pages it is no pocket book of modern urology, and whilst clearly encyclopaedic in its content,...