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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are highly prevalent in the community and account for approximately 40% of hospital-acquired infections. Yet, they are often underestimated and under-diagnosed: as one chapter of this book is entitled, nothing is simple about acute pyelonephritis.

This book brings together a range of perspectives from urologists, nephrologists, infectious diseases specialists, and radiologists from Italy to create an upto-date reference on the current standard of care of imaging and intervention for infections in urology. This book is aimed at urologists, radiologists, and physicians who care for patients with infections. It is a slim hard-bound text comprising 246 well-illustrated and easy to read pages. Although the remit of this book sounds narrow at first glance, I found each well-referenced chapter to provide a comprehensive overview of a wide range of subjects such as acute pyelonephritis, renal cyst infection, lower urinary tract infections, prostatic and seminal vesical infection, and urethral and peno-scrotal infections.

The text is supported by some case-based examples and numerous illustrations. Some specific topics including imaging for UTIs in children, modern imaging for urogenital tuberculosis and emphysematous pyelonephritis are covered in more detail with an overview of less common conditions such as hydatid cyst infections. The chapter on interventional radiology drainage of urine is comprehensive but I think it would have been better served with a diagrammatic explanation of the landmarks and percutaneous approaches to the kidney and more photographic detail on the common types of nephrostomy devices that are in current use. The lack of a separate consideration of the pitfalls of imaging of infection in pregnancy is in my mind an omission. Some topics are encountered more than once, but then this would not matter as this book is likely to be read in one go, as it is easy to do.

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Jay Khastgir

Princess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend & Swansea University School of Medicine.

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