From female genital mutilation to female genital reconstruction

By Refaat B Karim and Judith JML Dekker

The demand for reconstruction of mutilated female genitalia is increasing in Europe due to the empowerment of immigrant and naturalised women from Africa. Their wish for reconstruction is more than a matter of surgery, as these women still have to deal with prejudice from peers, family and, last but not least, our society [1,2,3,4]. Furthermore, there is a real chance of reliving the trauma of the initial mutilation [1,3,5]. Such patients require a multidisciplinary team approach to address their needs in a holistic manner.

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