Efficacy of flexible ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy for lower pole renal calculi

The management of lower pole renal stones (LPS) is often difficult. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), flexible ureterorenoscopy (fURS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) are all potential options with potential benefits and disadvantages. In order to assess the success of fURS...

Refluxing ureteral reimplantation

Obstructed megaureters may be managed with temporising stents, cutaneous ureterostomies, or in older children with ureteral reimplantation (usually if the child is over one year of age). Cutaneous ureterostomies have risks of stomal stenosis, infection and leakage problems over nappies...

Outcomes of VUR in children with non-neurogenic dysfunction treated with Deflux

The 2010 American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines on primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) state that children with VUR and lower urinary tract dysfunction are less likely to have the VUR resolve spontaneously than those with primary VUR alone (31% vs. 61%)....

PUJO: Hellstrom principle revisited

This paper describes the result of four out of twenty-three cases (two males, two females) of pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction - PUJO - (mean age 18.25 years, range 16-20), mean follow-up two years (range six months – three years) that were...

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