You searched for "OAB"

52 results found

Oestrogens and OAB

This is a multicentre study from Europe. The female genitals and lower urinary tract have a common embryological origin arising from urogenital sinus. Therefore, both could be sensitive to female sex steroid hormones. Oestrogens and progesterone receptors have been demonstrated...

Beta 3 receptors in OAB

More and more is written on Beta 3 receptors in human bladders and their role in detrusor relaxation. This study from Japan investigated human Beta 3 AR gene which is polymorphic. One hundred women with overactive bladder (OAB) and 101...

Dual therapy for OAB in children

Overactive bladder (OAB) is a disorder frequently encountered by the paediatric urologist. Morin et al. report the results of the first known study on the efficacy of mirabegron (a β3 adrenoceptor agonist) as add-on therapy in paediatric patients with refractory...

Retention after Botox therapy in OAB

Treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) has a wide spectrum. The first step is lifestyle modifications, the second step is pharmacotherapy and the third line is intradetrusor injections with Botox®. This retrospective study is from Tennessee, USA in non-neurogenic and refractory...

A phase II dose-ranging study of mirabegron in patients with OAB

This was a multinational, multicentre, randomised, double–blind, double-dummy, parallel group placebo- and active- controlled phase II study. The study enrolled 1108 men and women aged 18 and over. The criteria were: patients must have had overactive blader (OAB) symptoms for...

The role of acupuncture in managing overactive bladder

Overactive bladder (OAB) affects 17% of American men and women and represents a burden in terms of both quality of life and finances. Alternative therapies may be sought for this condition as there is a high drop-out rate with regards...

Tolerability and persistence in women prescribed mirabegron

Mirabegron is a beta-3 agonist used in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). Trials have shown reduced side-effects but equal efficacy when compared to anticholinergics. The authors wished to examine patients’ persistence with treatment, in a non-trial setting, over a...

PFMT in males

Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) has been described since ancient times in Rome but Kegel popularised it to improve sexual and urinary health after childbirth. In the paediatric population, there is a paradigm shift towards biofeedback-based PFMT for lower urinary...

Neuromodulation for lower urinary tract dysfunction – an ICS update

Non-invasive and invasive electro-stimulation techniques have been extensively studied in the treatment of lower urinary tract and bowel dysfunction, including overactive bladder syndrome (OAB), non-obstructive chronic urinary retention, faecal incontinence and chronic pelvic pain. Currently, the most common indication for...

The NICE Guideline on Urinary Incontinence: the management of urinary incontinence in women

Background Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common symptom that can affect women of all ages. It is difficult to estimate the prevalence of UI since it is often under-reported, although the Norwegian EPINCONT study looking at women over 20 reported...

Selective denervation of the bladder

The treatment of refractory overactive bladder is currently limited to neuromodulation (sacral nerve stimulation or percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation) or botulinum toxin injections. Although all these options are valuable, they have their own limitations and may not be suitable for...

New therapy for overactive bladder

Overactive bladder (OAB) is a complex symptom that can adversely affect quality of life. So far pharmacotherapy has focused on anti-cholinergic drugs. Recently, beta-adrenoreceptors have been identified as having an effect on the detrusor muscle and urothelium. Beta-3 is the...