PET imaging of prostate-specific membrane antigen in prostate cancer

Molecular imaging utilising prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) as a target has increasingly been mentioned at key conferences and meetings. PSMA is a membrane metalloenzyme that is overexpressed in prostate cancer, with the degree of expression appears to correlate with tumour...

Vasectomy and prostate cancer

Urologists are always trying to identify risk factors for prostate cancer (CaP). This population-based study is from Ontario, Canada. The study sample comprised nearly 300,000 men who underwent vasectomy and an equal number who did not. The primary outcome was...

PSM increases risk of recurrence after PN for high-risk renal tumours

Positive surgical margins (PSM) for solid organ malignancies are associated with adverse oncological outcomes. However, for RCC the prognostic significance of PSM after partial nephrectomies (PN) remains a matter of debate. As PN is more increasingly being used to excise...

Urology patient assessment – importance of holistic approach – new paradigm

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) seems to affect 30% of the general population above 65 and its presence has a wide range of significance. This is a prospective single centre study to look at MCI in adult urological patients above 18...

Male genital mysteries

Every now and then urologists are asked to give an opinion on genital lesions and rashes. This article from University College Hospital London is certainly worth a read. Most conditions are benign but some are precancerous leading to penile cancer...

Characteristics of APC and the usefulness of MP-MRI for diagnosis

The authors evaluated the pathological and oncological characteristics of anteriorly located prostate cancer (APC) in 728 RP specimens, and the accuracy of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI) for APC evaluation. Patients were characterised as APC (70% or more of tumour...

Impact of MetS on prostate cancer (PCa)

Metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of finding prostate cancer (PCa) overall and high-grade disease on biopsy. The first objective was to determine if MetS is associated with higher final PCa stage and grade on radical prostatectomy (RP)...

LARP – three instrument techniques to reduce costs

The cost of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LARP) is high because of both the initial installation cost and, more importantly, high running costs. The main reason for the latter is the limited number of usage of the instruments; generally, each instrument...

Results from the REDUCE study

Subjects in this paper were part of the Reduction by Dutasteride of PCa Events (REDUCE) study, a clinical trial enrolling men who had undergone a single negative prostate biopsy within six months of enrollment and subjecting them to a repeat...

Cord compression in cancer

This article will be of great interest to uro-oncologists. Vertebral metastasis occurs in 3-5% of all cancers (most commonly in prostate, breast and lung cancer). It can cause pain, vertebral collapse and cord compression. Data from the National Institute for...

MSKCC prostate cancer screening guidelines – is it the way forward?

The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) developed prostate cancer screening recommendations first in 2011 as a response to three limitations of previous screening guidelines: insufficient evidence base, failure to link screening with treatment, and lack of risk stratification. To...

Comparing intravesical chemohyperthermia with Mitomycin C versus BCG in treating bladder cancer

In the advent of the recent Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) crisis, the importance of alternative adjuvant treatments for intermediate- and high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) has been highlighted. Chemohyperthermia (CHT) has emerged as an option, however there remains a lack of...