Urology patient assessment – importance of holistic approach – new paradigm

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) seems to affect 30% of the general population above 65 and its presence has a wide range of significance. This is a prospective single centre study to look at MCI in adult urological patients above 18...

Outcome analysis of paediatric pyeloplasty

This prospective study from India included 744 patients of whom 112 had renal function less than or equal to 20% at the time of diagnosis. Thirty percent underwent a nephrostomy initially. Ten with no function had a nephrectomy. Of the...

ESWL and URS for treatment of paediatric urolithiasis

Tejwani et al. have undertaken a comparative effectiveness study to characterise differences in procedure frequency, postoperative re-admissions and emergency room (ER) visits, and repeat treatment rates for children (≤18 years) with urolithiasis who underwent initial intervention with extracorporeal shock wave...

Radiation in paediatric urology – PURSE study

Urological operative procedures often use fluoroscopy for diagnosis and treatment of stone disease and structural anomalies. Paediatric tissues are sensitive to the effects of ionising radiation. Paediatric radiation safety has gained concerns due to the possible long-term effects such as...

Do adult men with untreated ventral penile curvature have adverse outcomes?

The history of ventral penile curvature if untreated in childhood is not known. The authors tried to assess this by performing an online survey of adults who had untreated ventral penile curvature using a Facebook advertised survey. Their outcome measures...

Non-urologist non-physician assessment of scrotal pain using the TWIST score

Testicular torsion is a urological emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and intervention. Some providers are becoming increasingly dependent on ultrasound (US) to make the diagnosis. This NIH clinical trial evaluated the use of the TWIST (Testicular Workup for Ischaemia and...

Barriers to use of semen analysis in the adolescent with a varicocele

This paper tries to address the question of identifying the cause of the difficulty in obtaining a semen analysis (SA) in adolescents with a varicocele in order to try to find improved strategies in giving patient advice, treatment and care....

TIP hypospadias repair

This paper by one of the current international leaders in hypospadias surgery looks at the outcome of over 1800 consecutive hypospadias repairs using the tubularised incised plate (TIP) repair, beginning from the first original operation through to sequential modifications over...

Glans size is an independent risk factor for urethroplasty complications after hypospadias repair

In this analysis, prepubertal patients undergoing hypospadias repair over a four-year period had caliper measurement of glans width taken perioperatively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out for complications while adjusting for patient age, meatus position or type of repair....

Medical expulsive therapy for paediatric urolithiasis

Children who have kidney stones are likely to have recurrences. Many initial stones are treated conservatively allowing for spontaneous passage of small stones if possible. Doxazocin or tamsulosin are known to dilate the ureter and allow spontaneous passage of stones...

The challenge of psychological problems in enuresis treatment

The first sentence of the conclusion of this review article reads: “In the past decade the role of psychological factors in the pathogenesis of nocturnal enuresis has changed from a primary causal factor to a consequence or comorbidity.” The authors...

Urinary NGAL, KIM-1 and L-FABP concentrations in antenatal hydronephrosis

he elusive search for being able to diagnose pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) continues and this group of researchers investigated the possible clinical application of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) and urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding proteins...