You searched for "HIV"

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HIV / AIDS – implications for the urologist

“It’s no fun to have HIV even though it’s viewed as a chronic, controllable disease. It means being wedded to the health system.” - Philip Berger, Associate Professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine, Toronto, Canada; and leading...

HIV-related stone disease – a potential new paradigm?

This paper discusses the management of patients with stone disease and HIV. The chronic nature of HIV infection is due in large part to the effectiveness of anti-retroviral therapies (ART). However, the role of protease inhibitors has been widely discussed...

Sexually transmitted infections

Case 1 A 27-year-old man presents to the clinic with multiple asymptomatic penile lesions. 1. What is the diagnosis? 2. What are the likely pathogens which cause these lesions? 3. What treatment options are available to treat these lesions? 4....

Read all about it Mar/Apr 2015

It can be awkward when a patient asks you about a report in their favourite tabloid detailing an amazing research breakthrough or a ‘cutting-edge’ new treatment / test and you don’t know what they are talking about! So this section...

Model to predict malignancy among Bosniak III cysts

This retrospective study over a 15-year period is to identify independent predictors of malignancy in Bosniak III (BIII) renal lesions and to build a prediction model based on identifiable clinical variables. These cysts, characterised by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT), have...

Artificial penile pearls: what every Urologist should know!

Penile implants are inert objects placed beneath the skin of the penis through an incision. These are variously referred to as Yakuza beads, pearls, ball bearings, speed bumps, penile marbles, inserts, etc. The term ‘penile implant’ described here should not...

Sepsis syndrome in urology

There are approximately 100,000 cases of sepsis per year in the UK, of which 37,000 result in death (this is more than prostate cancer, breast cancer, HIV / AIDS and road traffic accidents combined). Urosepsis is defined as sepsis caused...

HPV prevalence in invasive penile cancer and association with clinical outcome

Penile cancer risks can be increased by a number of causes such as smoking, phimosis, poor hygiene, multiple sexual partners and history of gential warts or other sexually transmitted diseases. It has been found that circumcised men have a lower...

The influences on Sir Henry Thompson

In this series of articles I am going to show you some of the exhibits contained in the Museum of Urology, hosted on the BAUS website (www.baus.org.uk). In the second history column I wrote for Urology News, way back in...

Junior doctors’ strike: is there light at the end of the tunnel?

Most urology departments will be affected one way or another by the ongoing industrial action by our junior colleagues. This article gives an interview between the BMJ team and Jeremy Hunt, UK Secretary of State for Health. We may or...

Infections and inflammation: Part 2

See also Part 1 and Part 3. Case 1 A 43-year-old lady presented to the urologist with a history of pain during bladder filling and associated frequency / urgency. She underwent standard microbiological and radiological investigations that are normal. She...

How to set up and run a cadaveric dissection course

Conducting and implementing a cadaveric dissection course requires careful planning. Rachel Edmiston, Rajesh Anmolsingh, Omar Mirza and Nirmal Kumar offer a guide to individuals highlighting the licensing and legal processes involved with the use, preservation and disposal of cadavers in...