You searched for "kidney"

186 results found

Coronaviruses and kidney injury

This is a topical review of the effects of coronaviruses on the kidney and includes a description of the mechanisms of kidney damage by SARS, MERS and COVID-19. The authors quote two previous reports which estimate the incidence of acute...

Pyonephrosis: is the kidney always doomed?

Pyonephrosis (Greek pyon ‘pus’ + nephros ‘kidney’) is defined in Campbell-Walsh Urology [1] as an infected hydro-nephrosis associated with suppurative destruction of the renal parenchyma which results in total or near total loss of renal function. The true incidence of...

Surgical Techniques for Kidney Cancer

The principle advantage to this book over other more augmented texts is its conciseness. As a result, the editors are compelled to deliver a more focused approach to the management of kidney cancer. Although the title purports to consider ‘surgical’...

COVID-19 and acute kidney injury

Newspapers and online media are full of the effects of the coronavirus on airways and olfactory functions and the importance of respiratory physicians (pulmonologists in the USA), ventilators and intensive care teams. However, as per the Intensive Care National Audit...

Preventive pharmacological therapy for kidney stones

Kidney stones are common, painful and are a chronic disease with a high lifetime risk of recurrence. Without treatment 35-50% of patients experience a second stone within five years of their first experience. Thiazide diuretics, alkali citrate treatment and allopurinol...

Kidney stone basketing forces unmasked

Ureteral avulsion is the most dreaded situation for any urologist to be faced with. Although uncommon, with rates of ureteroscopy on the increase, the potential for this serious complication should also be recognised. To avoid such serious complications, smart devices...

Stone Pass: Kidney Stones app

For this Digital Review I have focused on the Stone Pass: Kidney Stones app (Know Stone LLC) – a new information tool for patients with ureteric stones. I had recently seen a shared tweet originating from the app’s author Dr...

Delayed decompression of the infected obstructed kidney increases fatality

Well, we know this, I hear you all say. It is standard practice that the obstructed kidney with associated infection requires prompt decompression, and this is drilled into all UK trainees. It is surprising therefore that although we frequently deal...

Comparing treatment modalities for transplant kidney VUR in the paediatric population

The management of Transplant kidney vesicoureteral reflux in the paediatric population is a heavily debated issue and Deflux® injection to manage VUR is both widely described in the literature and commonly practised. In this paper, these authors have put forth...

Sacral agenesis and neurogenic bladder: long-term outcomes of bladder and kidney function

These authors looked at single institution outcomes for sacral agenesis (without spina bifida) with reference to renal function and bladder function. All had urodynamics either at diagnosis (56%) or soon after. Of 43 patients (23 female, 20 male), 37 had...

Thiazide diuretic prophylaxis for kidney stones and the risk of diabetes mellitus

Thiazide diuretics have been used to reduce calcium nephrolithiasis recurrence as it is tolerated well, inexpensive and reduces calcium excretion in urine. It has been linked with increased risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the presence of hypertension (ALLHAT study),...

Lit-Control kidney stone treatment

Clinically proven to increase or decrease urine pH to normal values within 30 days and inhibit crystallisation. Can buy time for patients waiting for surgery, help prevent fragments getting bigger, allowing them to pass spontaneously. Patients taking pH Down had...