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327 results found

Vitamin B12 deficiency in patients after enterocystoplasty

It is well known that enterocystoplasty within terminal ileum leads to vitamin B12 deficiency and regular monitoring of this post-surgery is essential. Often supplements need to be given because of deficiency in up to 40% of patients. These authors looked...

Adjuvant radiotherapy versus wait-and-see after radical prostatectomy

Optimum treatment modalities in prostate cancer continue to evolve, with debates at each stage of the evolution process, from focal therapy to radical treatment. In this randomised study, Wiegel et al. investigated the role of adjuvant radiotherapy following open radical...

Abiraterone plus prednisone in metastatic, castration-sensitive prostate cancer

Abiraterone acetate, the prodrug of abiraterone, blocks endogenous androgen synthesis by inhibiting cytochrome p-450c17, a critical enzyme in androgen biosynthesis. Its active D4A metabolite also has anti-tumour effects through possibly multiple mechanisms. 3-5% of men diagnosed with prostate cancer in...

Cryotherapy in prostate cancer

This review of the literature aims to summarise what is known in regards to outcomes in patients undergoing cryotherapy in a number of settings: whole gland, salvage and targeted focal therapy. It highlights that more prostate cancers are being diagnosed...

Intravesical cytosine arabinoside + Mitomycin C for bladder cancer – is it beneficial?

Mitomycin C (MMC) is often used as an intravesical therapy for low / intermediate risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of MMC + cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C). Ara-C was...

Management of Prostate Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach

This is an excellent textbook which comprehensively covers the vast field of prostate cancer. The editors, who have co-ordinated phase III European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) trials, have brought together a large array of well-known international...

Sepsis syndrome in urology

There are approximately 100,000 cases of sepsis per year in the UK, of which 37,000 result in death (this is more than prostate cancer, breast cancer, HIV / AIDS and road traffic accidents combined). Urosepsis is defined as sepsis caused...

Testosterone and erectile function – the debate goes on!

The most common causes of erectile dysfunction (ED) as per European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines are: psychogenic, vasculogenic, neurogenic and hormonal. The EAU 2017 guidelines recommend measuring total testosterone (TS) level. This study is a meta-analysis of 14 randomised...

COVID-19: cancer and corticosteroids

Under the prevailing COVID-19 crisis, this article is well worth reading. The current World Health Organization (WHO) guidance is not to start steroids in cancer cases, but there is no clear evidence of risks with steroids in cancer patients having...

Standard versus expanded cultures to diagnose UTIs in women

Clinicians are well aware of the limitations of the so-called Kass criteria applied to standard urine culture (SUC) techniques as well as the limitations of empiric antibiotic prescribing for symptoms that are known to overlap with chronic conditions such as...

Cleveland Clinic / Imperial College – Antioxidant Online Survey

Professor Ralf Henkel (Imperial College London/University of the Western Cape) and Professor Ashok Agarwal (Cleveland Clinic) are conducting an international online survey on the prescription of antioxidants for infertile patients, and have requested that we invite you to participate in this study.

Bladder cancer: where are we with intravesical therapies?

In the United Kingdom, almost 10,500 new cases of bladder cancer were identified in 2013, with over 5000 deaths in 2012 [1]. Seventy percent of new cases will be non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) at diagnosis and therefore will be...