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Stent: the name behind the name

In this series of articles I am going to show you some of the exhibits contained in the Museum of Urology, hosted on the BAUS website (www.baus.org.uk). In this issue we will be looking at a word we use every...

Ureterocystostomy – novel surgery for the paediatric obstructed megaureter

Megaureter is a relatively common congenital urinary tract anomaly; obstructed non-refluxing megaureter is one variant. Initial management is conservative, with operative intervention reserved for symptomatic cases (recurrent pyelonephritis, pain, increasing dilatation or worsening renal function). Surgical options include cutaneous ureterostomy,...

Use of bone windows in urological CT

Introduction Unenhanced computed tomography of kidneys, ureter and bladder (CTKUB) is the recommended gold standard investigation in patients with acute renal colic. CT urography is now a commonly used technique in the investigation of haematuria, for surgical planning and for...

Demanding cases or nightmares in endourology? Jan/Feb 2017

In the fifth article in this series the authors describe some of the most complex cases they have encountered. Case 1 A 45-year-old woman was admitted under the care of the medical team with shortness of breath, renal failure and...

Radiological appearances of non-vascular renal anatomical variants

Anatomical variants of the renal tract are common and, although often asymptomatic, may present with complications. It is essential to identify anatomical variants, as this may have an impact upon surgical planning and management. This article aims to demonstrate radiological...

Comparing treatment modalities for transplant kidney VUR in the paediatric population

The management of Transplant kidney vesicoureteral reflux in the paediatric population is a heavily debated issue and Deflux® injection to manage VUR is both widely described in the literature and commonly practised. In this paper, these authors have put forth...

Ureteric strictures

Case 1 What is this investigation? What are the findings of this investigation? What are the causes for this? What are the treatment options? Case 2 Image 1. Image 2. What do these X-Ray KUB films show? What are the...

Upper Tract Developmental Abnormalities

Case 1 1. What is the abnormality and how common is it? 2. What is the embryological origin? 3. With what other conditions can this be associated? Case 2 1. What is the diagnosis and how common is it? 2....

Refluxing ureteral reimplantation

Obstructed megaureters may be managed with temporising stents, cutaneous ureterostomies, or in older children with ureteral reimplantation (usually if the child is over one year of age). Cutaneous ureterostomies have risks of stomal stenosis, infection and leakage problems over nappies...

Radiology quiz

We are delighted to introduce something new for the Uroradiology Focus – our very own Jane Belfield has put together a urology imaging quiz with 10 cases designed to grab your interest and test your knowledge. Good luck and let...

Risk stratified approach to early intervention for renal colic

Existing guidance on this topic is based on older and smaller studies, and there remains variation in practice. This review of database outcomes of 1168 out of 3081 (38%) patients who underwent early intervention after presentation to nine Canadian emergency...

A new treatment algorithm for ureteral fibroepithelial polyps in children

Fibroepithelial polyps are rare in the urinary tract (found in 0.5% of all paediatric pyeloplasties and 5% of all cases of paediatric ureteral obstruction). The advent of ureteroscopy in paediatrics has increased the identification and treatment of these. This paper...