HIV-related stone disease – a potential new paradigm?

This paper discusses the management of patients with stone disease and HIV. The chronic nature of HIV infection is due in large part to the effectiveness of anti-retroviral therapies (ART). However, the role of protease inhibitors has been widely discussed...

Risk factors for CKD following treatment for RCC

This paper concerns the prevention of chronic kidney disease (CKD) following treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Over the last 10 years, partial nephrectomy has played an increasing role in the management of RCC, especially T1a disease. It has been...

How often are instruments changed in RALP & RAPN?

This study investigates how often the robotic instruments are exchanged during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). They presently come with a life span of 10 uses but whether all instruments are used fully on 10 different...

Importance of PSA variation – an analysis of PLCO trial data

This study looks specifically at the group of patients in the intervention arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening trial (PLCO), to investigate variations in prostate specific antigen (PSA) level. They have specifically included only patients who...

MDT meetings in urogynaecology

This study aimed to assess the outcome of case discussion at a single unit’s urogynaecology multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings. This was a retrospective study of the MDT proformas of 106 patients who were discussed over a 14-month period. Various outcomes...

Accuracy of orchidometry in boys with varicocele

The management of adolescent varicocele remains controversial. One issue that remains unresolved is that of testicular size determination pre and post any form of conservative or surgical option. These authors compared the results of using a Rochester orchiometer and ultrasound...

Bladder urothelial neoplasms in children

Urothelial bladder neoplasms are rare in children, occurring in 0.1-0.4% of the population before the age of 20. There are no current paediatric guidelines to their management. This study retrospectively reviews the files of patients from three tertiary centres between...

Laparoscopic transposition of renal lower pole crossing vessels

The vascular hitch procedure for pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) was initially described by Hellstroem in1951 and has become popular again since the introduction of laparoscopy. There is still much controversy as to its efficiency. The authors of this paper analyse...

Pre-transplant management of valve bladder

This paper examines the evidence concerning the timing, indications and problems associated with augmentation cystoplasty (AC), posterior urethral valves (PUV), and end stage renal failure (ESRF) using a literature review via Medline, Cochrane library and LILACS databases. Two search strategies...

Prostatic urethral lift provides good alternative to TURP for men with LUTS

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to prostatic enlargement resulting in bladder outflow obstruction are common. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) remains the gold standard in operative management, however it is not without its risks. In this multicentre European...

Role of emergency ureteroscopy in the management of ureteric stones

Emergency ureteroscopy for all acute stone patients is not widespread in the UK but this is not the case elsewhere. In Auckland, New Zealand, it is commonly carried out in the emergency setting to reduce pressure on elective lists and...

A new treatment algorithm for ureteral fibroepithelial polyps in children

Fibroepithelial polyps are rare in the urinary tract (found in 0.5% of all paediatric pyeloplasties and 5% of all cases of paediatric ureteral obstruction). The advent of ureteroscopy in paediatrics has increased the identification and treatment of these. This paper...