CRP to predict the need for surgical intervention in acute renal colic

A previous paper has suggested that C-reactive protein (CRP) is a useful serum marker for determining the likelihood of a patient with renal colic requiring surgical intervention, the cut-off level being >28mg/l (specificity 88.9%, sensitivity 75.8%). This prospective observational study...

Efficacy of flexible ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy for lower pole renal calculi

The management of lower pole renal stones (LPS) is often difficult. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), flexible ureterorenoscopy (fURS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) are all potential options with potential benefits and disadvantages. In order to assess the success of fURS...

Urology MDTs: what members think

This study aimed to examine the functionality of urology cancer multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTs). Evidence has suggested that urology MDTs are not as well structured as other surgical disciplines. MDT members were asked their views on if there were any...

Paediatric chronic orchalgia

Testicular or scrotal / groin pain is common in children and often there is no apparent cause. This paper describes the authors’ experience over 10 years of boys >10 years seeking medical attention with testicular pain without anatomical abnormality or...

Refluxing ureteral reimplantation

Obstructed megaureters may be managed with temporising stents, cutaneous ureterostomies, or in older children with ureteral reimplantation (usually if the child is over one year of age). Cutaneous ureterostomies have risks of stomal stenosis, infection and leakage problems over nappies...

Buccal grafts for urethroplasty in pre-pubertal boys

Buccal mucosa graft (BMG) is often used as the primary graft in complex hypospadias surgery. It is not clear what the response of this BMG is during puberty androgen surge and whether or not differential penile growth occurs with secondary...

Impact of internal spermatic artery preservation during laparoscopic varicocelectomy

There is still considerable controversy about the optimal surgical treatment of adolescent varicocele. One of the dilemmas is whether or not to preserve the internal spermatic artery (ISA) when carrying out a laparoscopic Palomo procedure. This paper looks at retrospective...

Outcomes of VUR in children with non-neurogenic dysfunction treated with Deflux

The 2010 American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines on primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) state that children with VUR and lower urinary tract dysfunction are less likely to have the VUR resolve spontaneously than those with primary VUR alone (31% vs. 61%)....

Urachal anomalies in children: surgical or conservative treatment?

Urachal anomalies are rare with an incidence of 1:5000-8000 live births. There is still some controversy as to whether to treat them expectantly or surgically with published reports describing malignant changes in adulthood. These authors describe their retrospective series of...

The impact of seat belts and airbags on renal injuries and nephrectomy rate

Motor vehicle collisions (MVC) account for 3.6 million emergency department attendances and 34,000 deaths annually. The combination of lap / shoulder seat belts and airbag deployment reduces mortality by more than 80%. MCVs are responsible for 48-66% of all renal...

Tamsulosin and spontaneous passage of ureteral stones in children

This was a retrospective analysis of data for five years from four institutions comparing stone passage rates in children with ureteric stones ≤10mm, aged 2-18, treated with tamsulosin vs. analgesia alone. The study identified 449 children, of whom 334 were...

Thiazide diuretic prophylaxis for kidney stones and the risk of diabetes mellitus

Thiazide diuretics have been used to reduce calcium nephrolithiasis recurrence as it is tolerated well, inexpensive and reduces calcium excretion in urine. It has been linked with increased risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the presence of hypertension (ALLHAT study),...