Andrology (2020)

Infections and inflammation: Part 3

See also Part 1 and Part 2 Case 1 You review a man in the Emergency Department with scrotal pain and sepsis. His clinical examination findings are shown. What does this image show? Who was this condition named after? What...

The adrenals

Case 1 A 45-year-old man undergoes a CT of his abdomen to stage a newly diagnosed bowel malignancy. What does the scan show? What findings on a CT scan suggest an adrenal lesion is benign? If the CT scan is...

Andrology (2016)

Case 1 Image A. Image B. Who is the mythological figure depicted in image A and how does he relate to a urological emergency? Define priapism and list five causes. In the context of a patient presenting with priapism, what...

Testicular cancer (Jan 2016)

Case 1 A 26-year-old male presented with a two-week history of testicular pain and swelling. On examination the right testicle was enlarged, indurated and tender. Erythema of the scrotum on that side was also noted. Ultrasound of the testis reported...

Testicular cancer (Mar 2015)

Case 1 What does the ultrasound show? What further imaging does this patient require? Which tumour markers should be checked? What is the half-life of these markers? What does an elevation in these markers mean? Case 2 What is this...

Technology – Part 3

Case 1 Figure A. Figure B. What is shown in figures A and B? What is the diameter of each scope? What is the working channel size of each? What are the advantages of a digital versus optic flexible ureteroscope?...

Technology – Part 2

Case 1 Name the machine shown in the picture and describe how it works. What is the standard frequency of ultrasound waves in this machine? What frequency of ultrasound waves are utilised in an abdominal and scrotal ultrasound? Case 2...

Technology – Part 1

Case 1 What is this and what material is it made from? What property of the catheter does the size refer to? What is the relationship between French size and diameter? What is a biofilm? How can you reduce catheter...