Penile cancer

Case 1 A 67-year-old man presents with a worsening red patch over the past three months. It looks velvety in some areas. What is the most likely diagnosis? What are the risk factors? How do you classify this condition? How...

Cystoplasty

Case 1 A 48-year-old female, having previously had an augmentation ileocystoplasty 10 years ago, has been referred with right loin pain by the emergency department. A venous blood gas is performed shortly after triage with the following values: What is...

Upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma

Case 1 A 64-year-old man presents to the haematuria clinic with visible haematuria, on a background of a 40 pack-year smoking history and family history of bowel cancer in his sister at the age of 48. A CT was performed...