Ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy: does function of the obstructed moiety matter?

Upper pole nephrectomy has been the traditional surgical management of children with poorly functioning upper pole moieties in duplex renal collecting systems having ureteral ectopia and ureterocele. However, ablative surgery confers a risk of functional loss to the remnant moiety...

Is routine renal tumour biopsy associated with lower rates of benign histology following nephrectomy for small renal masses?

There has been a considerable increase in the detection of small renal masses (SRM). Approximately 20% of these turn out to be benign lesions on final histopathological analysis. Therefore upfront surgery can be overtreatment in such a group of patients....

Comparing treatment modalities for transplant kidney VUR in the paediatric population

The management of Transplant kidney vesicoureteral reflux in the paediatric population is a heavily debated issue and Deflux® injection to manage VUR is both widely described in the literature and commonly practised. In this paper, these authors have put forth...

Dilemma of second primary tumour

Long-term survival in localised prostate cancer (CaP) can be achieved with treatment by either radical prostatectomy (RP) or external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). The development of second primary tumour is poorly understood in such cases. This retrospective study included 84,397 cases...

Selective denervation of the bladder

The treatment of refractory overactive bladder is currently limited to neuromodulation (sacral nerve stimulation or percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation) or botulinum toxin injections. Although all these options are valuable, they have their own limitations and may not be suitable for...

MRI scans and cardiac devices

There is an increasing use of MRI in many urological disorders e.g. prostate cancer and renal cancer. Many patients with cardiac pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are denied access to MRI scans due to safety concerns. MRI is given...

Serum cholesterol and risk of high-grade prostate cancer: results from the REDUCE study

This study examined a cohort of non-statin using patients who participated in the REDUCE study. The REDUCE study included men who had an elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA) and a negative baseline prostate biopsy who then underwent year two and...

Comparison of pathological stage in patients treated with and without neoadjuvant chemotherapy for high-risk UTUC

High-risk upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) has been associated with poor survival outcomes. The authors evaluated the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in high-risk cases prior to radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in terms of pathological stage of the final surgical specimen. A...

Repeat transurethral resection in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer

The authors felt this is a big problem because there is no standardised practice on re-resection following initial transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT). Getting detrusor muscle in the first specimen is thought to be important. However muscle is not...

Does stable or decreasing hydronephrosis on ultrasound lead to stable or improved function on diuretic renography?

Antenatal hydronephrosis is noted in approximately 1% of all pregnancies. Persistent renal obstruction may lead to progressive loss of renal function. Renal ultrasound (USS) is the preferred modality for diagnosis and monitoring of paediatric hydronephrosis as it is non-invasive, non-ionising,...

Indication to pelvic lymph nodes dissection for prostate cancer

This paper explored the role of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in predicting the likelihood of lymph node invasion in patients with a risk of <5% according to the Briganti nomogram. Three hundred and ten patients who underwent a preoperative mpMRI and...

Endoscopic injection of bulking agent for recurrent paediatric epididymitis

Paediatric recurrent epididymitis is frequently observed in several urogenital conditions, and may result in deterioration of long-term fertility. The management of recurrent epididymitis is still a therapeutic challenge for paediatric urologists, and as yet there is no consensus for treatment....