You searched for "URETHRA"

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Male urethrograms

An ascending urethrogram is the best initial radiographic technique to image a male patient’s urethra and is indicated for strictures, fistulae, trauma and urethral obstruction [1]. It is quick and straightforward to perform and is performed using an 8Fr Foley...

Urethral pathology

Case 1 A 43-year-old lady presents with urinary incontinence and vaginal pain associated with intercourse. An initial CT scan is performed. Case courtesy of Radswiki, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 12056. Case courtesy of Radswiki, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 12056 What is the clinical diagnosis...

Urethroplasty: a review of indications, techniques and outcomes

Urethral stricture is the most common cause of lower urinary tract obstruction in men aged between 20 and 40, carrying an estimated overall prevalence of 0.5% in the UK [1] and results in around 17,000 hospital admissions annually [2]. Endoscopic...

Urethral diverticulum: a review of the literature and local experience

Urethral diverticula are an uncommon finding on imaging. They are focal outpouchings of the urethra into the periurethral / urethrovaginal space, occurring more frequently in females (up to 6% of women) [1]. These diverticula are becoming more prevalent in clinical...

Laparoscopic ureteral ligation (clipping)

Ectopic ureters in the presence of an upper moiety duplex kidney, or non functioning upper moieties, are traditionally treated with a heminephrectomy (open or laparoscopic). This carries significant risks, especially loss of the remaining lower moiety. These authors describe a...

Lichen sclerosus and isolated bulbar urethral stricture disease

The incidence of urethral stricture in men with lichen sclerosus (LS) has been reported to be between 4.8% and 14%. LS limited to the glans and urethral meatus can be treated with acceptable outcomes; however, more extensive urethral disease requires...

Things in a place they should not be!

In this series of articles I am going to show you some of the exhibits contained in the Museum of Urology, hosted on the BAUS website (www.baus.org.uk). I think we all have stories of objects inserted into the urethra and...

Urethral stenosis after radiation therapy for prostate cancer

One of the most common causes of bladder outflow obstruction in post radiotherapy (RT) cases is urethral stenosis. These cases are miserable and moribund with poor flow rates, incomplete bladder emptying, recurrent urinary tract infections and haematuria. The reported incidence...

A review of the diagnosis and management of urethral caruncles

Introduction The innocuous urethral caruncle is the most common benign urethral lesion in females. It can pose a significant challenge to urologists due to the plethora of differentials and poor evidence surrounding management. In 1926, Ferrier eloquently described the macroscopic...

Urethral pain syndrome – is there a light at the end of the tunnel?

Urethral pain syndrome (UPS) is defined in the 2014 EAU Guidelines as the occurrence of chronic or recurrent episodic pain perceived in the urethra, in the absence of proven infection or other obvious local pathology. UPS is often associated with...

Impact of prostatic apex in continence after RARP

This article investigates the impact of prostatic apical shape from preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on early recovery of urinary continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). It is a retrospective study of 1011 patients at a tertiary centre. Patients were...

Urology around the world: Myanmar

In this article the author, a urologist from Myanmar, discusses the presentation, diagnosis and management of a condition common in his country. Urethral orifice stones Urolithiasis is one of the most common urological conditions, usually involving the kidneys, ureters and...