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166 results found

Clean catch urine from babies – the ‘quick wee method’

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in children and babies and can lead to urosepsis, renal scarring and chronic kidney disease. As per American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, urine samples are a must in febrile / unwell infants even if...

Antibiotics and flexible cystoscopy

This study is from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Hospital in New York, USA. Thousands of flexible cystoscopies are performed every day worldwide. Do they need antibiotic cover? Flexible cystoscopy may cause urinary tract infection (UTI) in less than 10% of cases. Asymptomatic...

Urethroplasty: a review of indications, techniques and outcomes

Urethral stricture is the most common cause of lower urinary tract obstruction in men aged between 20 and 40, carrying an estimated overall prevalence of 0.5% in the UK [1] and results in around 17,000 hospital admissions annually [2]. Endoscopic...

Read all about it Jan/Feb 2017

It can be awkward when a patient asks you about a report in their favourite tabloid detailing an amazing research breakthrough or a `cutting-edge’ new treatment / test and you don’t know what they are talking about! So this section...

Penile clamp device – a new indication?

This study originates from New Zealand and looks at men affected by post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI). These patients are difficult to manage with the options of further surgery, indwelling catheters or pads. The aim of this questionnaire study (IIQ 7) was...

Robot assisted radical prostatectomy – could it be gold standard?

Prostate cancer (PCa) is still the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men in the United States. Most of the PCa are organ confined at the time of diagnosis. To watch (observation / active surveillance) or fry (radiotherapy) or...

What is the role of evidence-based medicine in urology?

The concept of ‘evidence-based medicine’ (EBM) was first developed in the early 1990s and was described as “the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of the current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients” by the recently...

Laparoscopic transposition of renal lower pole crossing vessels

The vascular hitch procedure for pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) was initially described by Hellstroem in1951 and has become popular again since the introduction of laparoscopy. There is still much controversy as to its efficiency. The authors of this paper analyse...

Button vesicostomy

Poor bladder emptying often requires clean intermittent catheterisation (CIC). In significant numbers of children CIC is not possible for a variety of reasons and an alternative is needed. This paper reviews a single centre’s usage of the vesicostomy button over...

Bladder debris on ultrasound as a predictor for positive urine culture

One of the common ultrasound findings in children who undergo renal tract evaluation is ‘debris in the bladder’. The aetiology of bladder debris is varied and the likelihood that urinary debris represents positive urine culture is debatable. The authors of...

Has laparoscopic radical prostatectomy had its day?

Over recent years there has been a massive uptake in robotic surgery particularly for robot-assisted prostatectomy. The drive for this has been patient and physician led with little in the way of prospective randomised trials showing benefits over established operative...

Early complications following ambulatory hypospadias repair

Most hypospadias repairs are undertaken on a day case ambulatory basis. Roth et al. have studied clinically significant events occurring within 30 days of operation. Data was obtained from the Paediatric Health Information System (PHIS), an administrative database that contains...