You searched for "radiation"

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Radiation in paediatric urology – PURSE study

Urological operative procedures often use fluoroscopy for diagnosis and treatment of stone disease and structural anomalies. Paediatric tissues are sensitive to the effects of ionising radiation. Paediatric radiation safety has gained concerns due to the possible long-term effects such as...

Effect of collimation on radiation dose during ureteroscopy

Over 60,000 ureteroscopies are performed annually in the UK. During these procedures radiation is used and there are concerns regarding the cumulative dose during a surgeon’s career. Common ways to minimise the dose to the theatre team are wearing lead...

Impact of adjuvant radiation therapy on urinary continence recovery after radical prostatectomy

The functional side-effects of both radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy for prostate cancer are well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate if there was a significant worsening in recovery of urinary continence in those undergoing radical prostatectomy followed...

Radiation exposure – what is the optimal imaging modality in the follow-up of patients with urinary tract calculi?

Cumulative radiation dose is an important consideration in the nephrolithiasis patient population. Exposure to ionising radiation is known to be harmful and is associated with an increased risk of malignancy. Understanding radiation doses is necessary to make informed decisions regarding...

Prostate Cancer: Clinical Case Scenarios

This is a useful book to browse through, particularly for trainees. There are 195 pages of clinical information divided into 13 chapters. It’s a slim book which is easy to pick up and read. It uses case scenarios to discuss...

Metabolic syndrome and prostate cancer recurrence in a veterans’ cohort

This study explored the relationship between metabolic syndrome and localised prostate cancer recurrence in patients who had received active treatment (external beam radiation therapy – EBRT, radical retropubic prostatectomy – RRP, or brachytherapy). The definition of metabolic syndrome adopted was...

Patient-reported outcomes after prostate cancer treatment

This study used the survivorship (LIVESTRONG) care plan tool to identify patient-reported toxicities that occurred following treatment for prostate cancer. All patients had undergone treatments, which were considered to have similar oncological endpoints. The tool asked patients questions with regard...

Renal calculi: the role of imaging in pregnancy

Nephrolithiasis is the most common cause of non-obstetric abdominal pain in pregnancy. Accurate diagnosis is imperative as stone related complications can lead to pre-eclampsia, urosepsis, and premature labour [1,2]. In the general population, non-contrast cross sectional imaging is recommended by...

Read all about it Nov/Dec 2017

It can be awkward when a patient asks you about a report in their favourite tabloid detailing an amazing research breakthrough or a ‘cutting-edge’ new treatment / test and you don’t know what they are talking about! So this section...

Radiological investigation of haematuria in 2016

This paper summarises the current evidence for and use of various imaging modalities for investigating haematuria. The following investigations are reviewed: Intravenous urogram (IVU) – the number of centres still using IVU is decreasing. IVU is cheaper and has less...

Importance of PSA variation – an analysis of PLCO trial data

This study looks specifically at the group of patients in the intervention arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening trial (PLCO), to investigate variations in prostate specific antigen (PSA) level. They have specifically included only patients who...