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ABU joins BCG in fight against NMIBC recurrence?

The authors test a hypothesis retrospectively in two cohorts of patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), that endogenous bacteria in the bladder might exert antitumour effects, similar to live mycobacteria (BCG), through local immune-related or other mechanisms, on NMIBC...

Fertility preservation for paediatric patients

Paediatric patients are at risk for future infertility due to medical conditions and treatments. As the most well-known example, many patients undergoing oncological therapy are at risk of future infertility. In addition, those receiving immunosuppressive or stem cell transplant therapy...

Relax and take note of this!

Children with neurogenic bladders are at risk of renal compromise through high detrusor pressures. Management aims to provide continence and preserve the upper tracts by increasing capacity and compliance though early clean intermittent catheterisation and anticholinergics. Intradetrusor botulinum toxin has...

Testosterone supplementation after prostatectomy – journey from bad to good

The role of androgens in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer is quite complex and is not entirely clear yet. Despite several reports suggesting testosterone use is safe in patients diagnosed with prostate cancer, many clinicians are still reluctant to use...

Parental psychological intervention improves outcomes for children with night wetting

Bed wetting is a common disorder that can potentially limit social interactions (e.g., sleepovers) and have emotional implications for both the child and their family. Here, Sa et al. from Brazil, hypothesised that involving parents in the treatment and providing...

MOWOOT II Intestinal Transit Management System

MOWOOT II is an intermittent colonic exo-peristaltic therapy system for intestinal transit disorders, such as slow transit constipation. MOWOOT II utilises advanced pneumatic technology to treat and prevent chronic constipation without laxatives, enemas...

The role of conservative renal colic treatment

Acute renal colic is a common emergency condition, which can arise from a variety of underlying conditions that affect the urinary tract, but it is usually associated with the passage of ureteral stones. Before considering expectant management or active intervention,...

Comparative effectiveness of nephron sparing surgery vs ablation

Nephron sparing surgery (NSS) and minimally invasive modality of thermal ablation have attracted great attention as an alternative surgical treatment to radical nephrectomy (RN) for renal tumours <4cm. High quality evidence comparing disease specific survival (DSS) is lacking. This issue...

Erectile dysfunction part II: treatment

Introduction The identification of specific risk factors associated with erectile dysfunction (ED) allows patients with mild or moderate ED to undergo a series of lifestyle changes, which may provide enough improvement in the erectile function to avoid pharmacotherapies. Cessation of...

Management of recurrent cystitis

Acute uncomplicated infective cystitis is most commonly seen in healthy women with a frequency of around 0.5-0.7 episodes per woman per year [1]. Around 10% of women report having had an episode of urinary tract infection (UTI) each year and...

Józef Dietl – more than one crisis

In this series of articles I am going to show you some of the exhibits contained in the Museum of Urology, hosted on the BAUS website (www.baus.org.uk). To urologists, the name Dietl is linked with the eponym of Dietl’s crisis,...

Update on immunotherapy for non-muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder

Patients with high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) that have failed Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) treatment are a difficult group to treat, and many may not be suitable for the preferred treatment option of radical cystectomy. Bladder-preserving treatments for BCG-unresponsive high-risk...