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COVID-19 cuts prostate cancer referrals in half

Charity warns that 3500 men risk being diagnosed with incurable cancer as referrals drop to lowest in 10 years Urgent referrals for urological cancers have dropped by half in England (49.5%) compared to the same period last year as the...

Focal therapy for prostate cancer – ready for prime time?

The current therapeutic ratio for radical therapy in many men with localised prostate cancer is not ideal. For a significant side-effect profile, there seems to be a small survival benefit over a 10-15 year period. A strategy that might balance...

Comparative effectiveness of radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy in prostate cancer

Despite prostate cancer being one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide, there remains a need for high-quality evidence regarding the optimal treatment choice. In this large population-based cohort study, using the PCBaSe Sweden dataset, Sooriakumaran and colleagues identified patients...

MRI screening for prostate cancer: a step towards a ‘prostagram’

The UK National Screening Committee has been calling for further research into alternative screening tests for prostate cancer. The committee decided against prostate cancer screening using prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing on the basis that “PSA is still a poor...

Prostate cancer survivorship: a new path for uro-oncology

Over two million people in England have a diagnosis of cancer [1]. Of this figure, over 250,000 have been diagnosed with prostate cancer [2]. However, during the next decade, a rapid increase in the number of new cancer diagnoses, as...

Improving on the Rotterdam Prostate Cancer Risk Calculator

Following the PROMIS trial [1], many cancer centres in the UK are now offering pre-biopsy multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) for men suitable for radical treatment. The European Association of Urology for Prostate Cancer (PCa) guidelines recommend individual risk stratification before the...

The EP2 receptor – a novel target for prostate cancer?

This basic science paper sets out to evaluate the effects that celecoxib, a selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, have on prostate cancer cell lines and evaluated the mechanisms behind these effects. COX-2 induces the production of prostaglandins, which promote cell proliferation...

The role of transperineal template biopsies in the diagnosis of prostate cancer

The case In 2002, Mr A, a 64-year-old software engineer, was referred by his GP for further investigation of a raised prostate specific antigen (PSA) of 6.2. His prostate felt benign. He underwent transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) prostate biopsies. This...

Abiraterone acetate in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer

With emerging results from the Stampede and Latitude studies, abiraterone has taken the forefront in the management of metastatic prostate cancer while researchers try to identify the ideal timing for administration. It is a potent inhibitor of CYP17 which results...

Metabolic syndrome and prostate cancer recurrence in a veterans’ cohort

This study explored the relationship between metabolic syndrome and localised prostate cancer recurrence in patients who had received active treatment (external beam radiation therapy – EBRT, radical retropubic prostatectomy – RRP, or brachytherapy). The definition of metabolic syndrome adopted was...

MSKCC prostate cancer screening guidelines – is it the way forward?

The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) developed prostate cancer screening recommendations first in 2011 as a response to three limitations of previous screening guidelines: insufficient evidence base, failure to link screening with treatment, and lack of risk stratification. To...

Bladder cancer: where are we with intravesical therapies?

In the United Kingdom, almost 10,500 new cases of bladder cancer were identified in 2013, with over 5000 deaths in 2012 [1]. Seventy percent of new cases will be non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) at diagnosis and therefore will be...