You searched for "kidney"

192 results found

Nephrocalcinosis

Case 1 What does this x-ray of the kidney, ureter and bladder (KUB) show? What are the likely causes? What is the pathology behind medullary sponge kidneys (MSK)? What is the risk of urolithiasis with MSK? How are such patients...

Overview of partial nephrectomy techniques: influence of technology

Traditionally, radical nephrectomy was the preferred operation for kidney cancer, while partial nephrectomy was reserved for specific circumstances and essential indications such as a tumour in a solitary kidney, bilateral kidney tumours, or severe chronic kidney disease (CKD). Given the...

Ureteral clipping in children – longer term outcomes of a novel treatment

In this article, Lopes et al. report longer term outcomes of laparoscopic clipping of ureters of non-functioning kidneys or non-functioning renal moieties in duplex kidneys associated with ectopic ureter or obstructive ureteroceles. In 2014, their group published a promising preliminary...

Stepwise voltage ramping causes less renal haematomas than fixed maximal voltage ESWL

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) remains the recommended first line treatment for stones <2cm in the renal pelvis and upper or mid-pole calyces (Türk C, Knoll T, Petrik A, et al. European Association of Urology Guidelines on Urolithiasis. 2014). There...

Does one-year decline in eGFR after radical nephrectomy and in matched living donors match?

In the May issue of BJUI Miki N Hew et al. discuss differences in renal function evolution between patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) submitted to radical nephrectomy (RN) and living kidney donors matched for age and gender. They also...

Outcome analysis of paediatric pyeloplasty

This prospective study from India included 744 patients of whom 112 had renal function less than or equal to 20% at the time of diagnosis. Thirty percent underwent a nephrostomy initially. Ten with no function had a nephrectomy. Of the...

Urinary tract stones

Case 1 What does this plain X-ray of kidneys, ureters and bladder (KUB) show? What, according to the 2009 The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines, is the most appropriate first-line treatment? What factors do the NICE...

Smith’s Textbook of Endourology (3rd Edition)

Without doubt this represents the endourological bible for the urological fraternity and unquestionably reflects a labour of love for its authors. At approximately 1900 pages it is no pocket book of modern urology, and whilst clearly encyclopaedic in its content,...

Smith’s Textbook of Endourology, 2 Volume Set, 4th Edition

Since the founding fathers of endourology first published this textbook in 1996, the surgical vista has been changed unrecognisably by technological advances. Laparoscopic approaches have become commonplace for renal, ureteric, bladder and prostatic surgery, and robotic-assisted techniques have developed with...

Evidence-based treatment of MCDK: a systematic review

The authors of this systematic review have not only aimed to establish the incidence of hypertension associated with a multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) but have also tried to determine the malignancy risk associated with an MCDK and assess the rate...

Outcomes of renal cancer surgery on renal function and mortality on those with and without CKD

In urology we are encountering an ageing and more comorbid population, including a group of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this retrospective study, a group from the Cleveland Clinic present the extended follow-up of patients with and without...

Cryotherapy for small renal masses: better than surveillance?

With the rapid rise in incidental small renal mass detection, some of which have malignant potential, comes the need to either survey or treat these masses safely and with minimal morbidity. This large series of 147 patients with 171 masses,...