You searched for "ultrasound"

185 results found

Prostate cancer and an electronic nose

So far the transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy has been the ‘gold standard’ for diagnosing prostate cancer. However, it is invasive and can lead to complications, so there is a need for new non-invasive diagnostic tools to avoid unnecessary biopsy...

Prostate cancer detection rate of MRI-TRUS fusion vs. systematic biopsy

With the advent of one-stop prostate cancer diagnostic clinics, the findings of this study are of interest to readers who may be considering introducing the technique of magnetic resonance imaging transrectal ultrasound (MRI-TRUS) fusion biopsies to their practice. A retrospective...

Treatment of varicocele in children and adolescents

Varicocele occur in about 15% of all adolescents. These authors searched Medline, Embase and a number of platforms reporting on varicoses in children and adolescents, including only randomised controlled trials with patients under 21 years. After an initial 198 studies...

Rectal swab testing before prostate biopsy

This study explored the real terms value of rectal swab testing and targeted antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound prostate biopsy in view of increasing bacterial resistance to fluoroquinolones (17.6% in North America, 40% in Hong Kong). The authors...

Urachal anomalies in children: surgical or conservative treatment?

Urachal anomalies are rare with an incidence of 1:5000-8000 live births. There is still some controversy as to whether to treat them expectantly or surgically with published reports describing malignant changes in adulthood. These authors describe their retrospective series of...

Refining management of non-visible haematuria

The optimal evaluation of non-visible haematuria (NVH) continues to be debated, with competing interests of avoidance underdiagnosis and the harms of over-testing. Current National Institute for Health & Care Excellent (NICE) guidance recommends referral for patients ≥60 years with NVH....

Torsion of spermatic cord in children

This is an excellent review of ‘testicular’ torsion - which is said to occur in 1:4000 under 25-year-olds. Two age periods (adolescence and neonatal) are identified as having peak incidence. Acute torsion represents 27% of children with acute scrotum. The...

Technology – Part 3

Case 1 Figure A. Figure B. What is shown in figures A and B? What is the diameter of each scope? What is the working channel size of each? What are the advantages of a digital versus optic flexible ureteroscope?...

Indeterminate renal lesions – a pragmatic imaging approach

The incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the UK has increased steadily over the last two decades, largely driven by the increasing use of abdominal imaging and the incidental detection of small renal lesions [1]. The majority of incidental...

Demanding cases or nightmares in uro-oncology? May/Jun 2022

Delayed diagnosis of testicular cancer Testicular cancer is considered rare in the general population but is the most common cancer affecting males between 24 and 49 years. The diagnosis of testicular cancer depends on physical examination, ultrasound findings and tumour...

Testicular cancer (Jan 2016)

Case 1 A 26-year-old male presented with a two-week history of testicular pain and swelling. On examination the right testicle was enlarged, indurated and tender. Erythema of the scrotum on that side was also noted. Ultrasound of the testis reported...

Andrology (2016)

Case 1 Image A. Image B. Who is the mythological figure depicted in image A and how does he relate to a urological emergency? Define priapism and list five causes. In the context of a patient presenting with priapism, what...