You searched for "ureter"

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Infections and inflammation: Part 1

See also Part 2 and Part 3. Case 1 A 59-year-old man presented with right loin pain. His GP arranged for him to have an intravenous urogram (IVU) and subsequent CT urogram performed. What is the likely diagnosis? What are...

Upper pole access is safe and effective for paediatric percutaneous nephrolithotomy

Upper pole access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) provides a straight access tract to the ureter with easier placement of a guidewire, good exposure of the pelvis and upper ureter, and comfortable manipulations for the treatment of staghorn, large upper caliceal,...

Outcomes of VUR in children with non-neurogenic dysfunction treated with Deflux

The 2010 American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines on primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) state that children with VUR and lower urinary tract dysfunction are less likely to have the VUR resolve spontaneously than those with primary VUR alone (31% vs. 61%)....

Thulium laser: the new kid ‘en bloc’

Transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) is considered the gold standard for management of bladder cancer. Residual rates of 15-53% at second TURB and upstaging rates of 4-29% with muscle invasion have been reported. The quality and result of the...

The role of conservative renal colic treatment

Acute renal colic is a common emergency condition, which can arise from a variety of underlying conditions that affect the urinary tract, but it is usually associated with the passage of ureteral stones. Before considering expectant management or active intervention,...

Radiation exposure – what is the optimal imaging modality in the follow-up of patients with urinary tract calculi?

Cumulative radiation dose is an important consideration in the nephrolithiasis patient population. Exposure to ionising radiation is known to be harmful and is associated with an increased risk of malignancy. Understanding radiation doses is necessary to make informed decisions regarding...

Management of calyceal diverticular stones using ultramini PCNL

Calyceal diverticulae are congenital smooth-walled, non-secretory urothelium-lined cavities within the renal parenchyma that communicate with calyceal fornix through a diverticular neck. They were first described by Rayer in Traitements des maladies des reins [1]. Calculi occur in approximately 9.5% to...

Demanding cases or nightmares in endourology? May/Jun 2016

In the third article in this series the authors describe their experience with the very rare indications for laparoscopic stone surgery. Case 1 A 44-year-old woman presented with several months of malaise and right flank pain. A CT scan demonstrated...

Robot-assisted ureterocalicostomy

Ureterocalicostomy was first introduced by Neuwirt (1947) and further described by Jameson et al. (1957) as an alternative procedure for repair of pelviureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction associated with an intrarenal pelvis. Performing ureterocalicostomy for PUJ repair has been suggested in...

Nephrocalcinosis

Case 1 What does this x-ray of the kidney, ureter and bladder (KUB) show? What are the likely causes? What is the pathology behind medullary sponge kidneys (MSK)? What is the risk of urolithiasis with MSK? How are such patients...

MRU for diagnosis of paediatric ureteral stricture

Hydronephrosis is diagnosed antenatally in approximately 1-5% of all pregnancies. A rare cause is ureteral stricture, found in 4% of these cases. This study reports a series of 28 strictures diagnosed over a 10-year period by magnetic resonance urography (MRU)...

Demanding cases or nightmares in endourology? Jan/Feb 2016

The second article in this series of challenging cases in endourology describes some stent-related problems. Case 1 A 76-year-old male with end stage renal failure due to obstructive uropathy from benign prostatic enlargement was transferred from a referring hospital. A...