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Use of Clavien-Dindo classification in urology part 2 – upper tract

A classification system of surgical complications was proposed by Clavien in 1992 [1] and further modified by Dindo in 2004 [2]. Clavien-Dindo classification has since then been validated through many retrospective case series as well as in comparative studies to...

Demanding cases or nightmares in uro-oncology? Sep/Oct 2022

Treatment of prostate cancer in renal transplant recipients is challenging due to a lack of knowledge of the natural history of cancer in these patients, the anatomical position of the graft in the iliac fossa and its proximity to the...

Secondary bladder cancer following upper tract urothelial cancer

Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) comprises <5% of all urothelial cancers. A certain proportion of patients with UTUC will develop secondary bladder urothelial cancer (BUC). This paper has retrospectively examined records obtained from several cancer USA population-based registries of more...

Polyps in continent catheterisable bladder channels

This paper retrospectively looks at all the continent catheterisable channels performed in one centre over 16 years that were all on a surveillance programme of annual endoscopic assessment beginning five years post surgery. All channels had been formed with sutures...

SWL for renal stones – a new index

Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) treatment is a common, non-invasive urology procedure used for kidney stones nearly every day throughout the UK. In this study the team evaluated factors affecting treatment success of SWL treatment. The prospective data were collected from 2013...

Early British pioneers of urological imaging

In this series of articles I am going to show you some of the exhibits contained in the Museum of Urology, hosted on the BAUS website (www.baus.org.uk). In this article I am joined by Gavin Gordon of Newcastle University whose...

Conservative management of pelviureteric junction

Background Pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) is defined as a functionally significant impairment of urine flow from the renal pelvis into the proximal ureter. For more than a century, surgery was considered the first-choice approach to management. However, the widespread use...

Renal calculi composition – Hounsfield units or dual energy CT?

In this, the inaugural uro-radiology article, Jane Belfield (Section Editor) considers the significance of Hounsfield units in defining stone composition. Despite its widespread adoption and referencing in stone MDTs, there are some very clear limitations. Jane explores the potential role...

Technology – Part 3

Case 1 Figure A. Figure B. What is shown in figures A and B? What is the diameter of each scope? What is the working channel size of each? What are the advantages of a digital versus optic flexible ureteroscope?...

The management of renal calculi – Pt 2

Renal calculi can be managed according to four treatment options: conservative management, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), flexible ureterorenoscopy (FURS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Having addressed conservative management and ESWL in the last edition of Urology News, the second article...

Medical expulsive therapy for paediatric urolithiasis

Children who have kidney stones are likely to have recurrences. Many initial stones are treated conservatively allowing for spontaneous passage of small stones if possible. Doxazocin or tamsulosin are known to dilate the ureter and allow spontaneous passage of stones...

The evaluation of CT urography in the haematuria clinic

This retrospective study examined the records of 1000 patients attending a haematuria clinic over a two-year period. All patients over 40 with visible (VH) or non-visible haematuria (NVH) had a computed tomography urogram (CTU) and a flexible cystoscopy (if not...