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Assessment of the incidental adrenal lesion

Introduction The adrenal glands are seen on CT or MRI surrounded by fat in the peri-renal space. The right adrenal gland lies medial to the right lobe of the liver, lateral to the right crus of the diaphragm and superior...

The adrenals

Case 1 A 45-year-old man undergoes a CT of his abdomen to stage a newly diagnosed bowel malignancy. What does the scan show? What findings on a CT scan suggest an adrenal lesion is benign? If the CT scan is...

Oncological Imaging: Urology

Imaging updates on renal tumours, urothelial tumours, prostate, adrenal and retroperitoneal tumours are all covered in this text. Whilst aspects relating to prostate imaging are probably covered better elsewhere, what remains is a decent account nicely contained within a single...

Urological Cancer Management

This was all in all a pretty good read. It covers a wide range of topics authoritatively and with a degree of confidence that allows for quite a focused discussion on a range of malignancies from adrenal glands to penile...

Incidental findings on modern imaging

Incidentalomas can be defined in a variety of ways: 1) Imaging abnormality in a healthy, asymptomatic patient; 2) Imaging abnormality not related to a patient’s symptoms or the organs in question; 3) Findings discovered by chance which can potentially affect...

Abiraterone acetate in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer

With emerging results from the Stampede and Latitude studies, abiraterone has taken the forefront in the management of metastatic prostate cancer while researchers try to identify the ideal timing for administration. It is a potent inhibitor of CYP17 which results...

Near-infrared fluorescence in robotic surgery

This is a systematic review and critical analysis of the current evidence on the applications of near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) in robotic urologic surgery. It uses indocyanine green (ICG), a sterile water-soluble dye which has been tested in various fields. In...

Urinary tuberculosis and the busy urologist!

This article is a very good read for any busy urologist. When in medical school, we were taught that tuberculosis (TB) was rare in the UK and other developed countries. We have come full circle; now there are increasing cases...

Radiological appearances of renal vascular anatomical variants

The purpose of this article is to explain and illustrate common renal vascular variants that can be depicted with imaging. Renal vessels commonly present a wide range of variations [1]; before major renal or vascular surgery is undertaken, accurate portrayal...

Demanding cases or nightmares in uro-oncology? May/Jun 2021

It’s not in the bag until it’s out of the abdomen: abdominal wall recurrence after ruptured retrieval bag during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy We present a case of failure of a specimen retrieval bag during a robot-assisted partial nephrectomy resulting in...

Renal masses

Case 1 A 70-year-old female presented under the medical team with malaise, weight loss, and deranged liver function tests (LFTs) and calcium (ALP 350, GGT 650, Serum bilirubin 29, normal aminotransferases, Ca 3.3). An abdominal ultrasound scan (USS) was performed...

Radiology quiz

We are delighted to introduce something new for the Uroradiology Focus – our very own Jane Belfield has put together a urology imaging quiz with 10 cases designed to grab your interest and test your knowledge. Good luck and let...